Læreplantilkobling

Fag

Engelsk

Musikk

Samfunnsfag

Core Kjerneelementer

  • Språklæring
  • Møte med engelskspråklige tekster
  • Kommunikasjon
  • Oppleve musikk
  • Kulturforståelse
  • Undring og utforsking
  • Samfunnskritisk tenking og samanhengar
  • Identitetsutvikling og fellesskap
  • Utøve musikk
  • Lage musikk
  • Demokratiforståing og deltaking

Læreplan Kompetansemål

4. trinn
Musikk
  • samtale om og reflektere over hvordan musikk skaper mening når den brukes i ulike sosiale sammenhenger
7. trinn
Musikk
  • reflektere over hvordan musikk kan spille ulike roller for utvikling av individer og gruppers identitet
7. trinn
Musikk
  • utforske og drøfte hvordan musikk fra fortiden påvirker dagens musikk
7. trinn
Samfunnsfag
  • samanlikne korleis ulike kjelder kan gi ulik informasjon om same tema, og reflektere over korleis kjelder kan brukast til å påverke og fremje bestemte syn
7. trinn
Samfunnsfag
  • drøfte kva likeverd og likestilling har å seie for eit demokrati, og utvikle forslag til korleis ein kan motarbeide fordommar, rasisme og diskriminering
10. trinn
Musikk
  • utforske og reflektere over hvordan musikk, sang og dans som estetiske uttrykk er påvirket av og uttrykk for historiske og samfunnsmessige forhold, og skape musikalske uttrykk som tar opp utfordringer i samtiden
10. trinn
Musikk
  • utforske og drøfte musikkens og dansens betydning i samfunnet og etiske problemstillinger knyttet til musikalske ytringer og musikkulturer
10. trinn
Samfunnsfag
  • reflektere over korleis identitet, sjølvbilete og eigne grenser blir utvikla og utfordra i ulike fellesskap, og presentere forslag til korleis ein kan handtere påverknad og uønskte hendingar
VG1 SF
Engelsk
  • beskrive sentrale trekk ved framveksten av engelsk som verdensspråk
VG1 SF
Engelsk
  • lese, diskutere og reflektere over innhold og virkemidler i ulike typer tekster, inkludert selvvalgte tekster
VG1 SF
Engelsk
  • utforske og reflektere over mangfold og samfunnsforhold i den engelskspråklige verden ut fra historiske sammenhenger
VG1 SF
Engelsk
  • diskutere og reflektere over form, innhold og virkemidler i engelskspråklige kulturelle uttrykksformer fra ulike medier, inkludert musikk, film og spill
VG1 YF
Engelsk
  • beskrive sentrale trekk ved framveksten av engelsk som arbeidsspråk
VG1 YF
Engelsk
  • lese, diskutere og reflektere over innhold og virkemidler i ulike typer tekster, inkludert selvvalgte tekster
VG1 YF
Engelsk
  • utforske og reflektere over mangfold og samfunnsforhold i den engelskspråklige verden ut fra historiske sammenhenger
VG1 YF
Engelsk
  • diskutere og reflektere over form, innhold og virkemidler i engelskspråklige kulturelle uttrykksformer fra ulike medier, inkludert musikk, film og spill

Kompetansemål

English

VG1 SF

  • diskutere og reflektere over form, innhold og virkemidler i engelskspråklige kulturelle uttrykksformer fra ulike medier, inkludert musikk, film og spill
  • utforske og reflektere over mangfold og samfunnsforhold i den engelskspråklige verden ut fra historiske sammenhenger
  • beskrive sentrale trekk ved framveksten av engelsk som verdensspråk
  • lese, diskutere og reflektere over innhold og virkemidler i ulike typer tekster, inkludert selvvalgte tekster

VG1 YF

  • diskutere og reflektere over form, innhold og virkemidler i engelskspråklige kulturelle uttrykksformer fra ulike medier, inkludert musikk, film og spill
  • utforske og reflektere over mangfold og samfunnsforhold i den engelskspråklige verden ut fra historiske sammenhenger
  • beskrive sentrale trekk ved framveksten av engelsk som arbeidsspråk
  • lese, diskutere og reflektere over innhold og virkemidler i ulike typer tekster, inkludert selvvalgte tekster

Music

4. grade

  • samtale om og reflektere over hvordan musikk skaper mening når den brukes i ulike sosiale sammenhenger

7. grade

  • utforske og drøfte hvordan musikk fra fortiden påvirker dagens musikk
  • reflektere over hvordan musikk kan spille ulike roller for utvikling av individer og gruppers identitet

10. grade

  • utforske og reflektere over hvordan musikk, sang og dans som estetiske uttrykk er påvirket av og uttrykk for historiske og samfunnsmessige forhold, og skape musikalske uttrykk som tar opp utfordringer i samtiden
  • utforske og drøfte musikkens og dansens betydning i samfunnet og etiske problemstillinger knyttet til musikalske ytringer og musikkulturer

Samfunnsfag

7. grade

  • samanlikne korleis ulike kjelder kan gi ulik informasjon om same tema, og reflektere over korleis kjelder kan brukast til å påverke og fremje bestemte syn
  • drøfte kva likeverd og likestilling har å seie for eit demokrati, og utvikle forslag til korleis ein kan motarbeide fordommar, rasisme og diskriminering

10. grade

  • reflektere over korleis identitet, sjølvbilete og eigne grenser blir utvikla og utfordra i ulike fellesskap, og presentere forslag til korleis ein kan handtere påverknad og uønskte hendingar

Music can change the world

The role of music in society goes back a long way. Music reaches people of all ages throughout the world, and is today an important way to react to both political and social life.

Accessibility icon Music can change the world

Music as a mirror of society

Throughout history, music has mirrored the society of its time. Artists and composers have been influenced by the circumstances in their own era to express themselves musically, either to delight or provoke others. Music is used for both happiness and sorrow, or as a reaction to social issues.

The music of the Viking Age

Song and music played an important role in the Viking Age. There was music for celebration, when children were put to bed, or when heavy work was carried out. Even in war the Vikings used musical instruments. They did not write down notes so we have no record of what their melodies sounded like. However, a wide range of their instruments has been discovered. The Vikings played music on bronze lur horns, bone flutes and goat horns. Chiefs and kings manifested their power and strength by surrounding themselves with musicians.

📷  Bronze lur horns discovered in Brudevælte, Denmark in 1797.

The Icelandic football chant

The Icelandic national football team was saluted in 2016 for their phenomenal achievements in the European championship. The uniting force of this Viking-inspired chant is undeniable.

Music in honor of God and royalty

In the Middle Ages, song and music became the language of the church. The church used Latin for its Gregorian chants, which meant that most people did not understand what they were listening to or singing. As a reaction to this, people started creating their own secular music. The church considered this an action of protest, as music was ceremonial, for the praise of God, and not to be used for dancing and fun.

During the Reformation in the 16th century, psalms were written in the people’s own language, often to the melody of an old folk song. The psalms were supposed to show people the way to God.

Royalty was also honored and entertained with music. The royals were prosperous enough to hire their own full-time musicians and composers. Hosting your own orchestra and composers in the royal court was considered a status symbol.

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Increased freedom for composers

Many 17th-century composers and musicians were employed by the church or royalty. They were therefore obligated to compose and perform the music that the bishop or the king wanted to hear. They could not create what they themselves wished. The music was supposed to follow tradition and strict rules.

In the 18th century, many composers broke with this tradition and started creating something completely new. From then on music could be enjoyed not only by priests and royalty but also by the rich. Music was viewed as educational. Composers were able to make money by selling their music to concert organizers and were no longer dependent on salary from the king. But this was not the case for all.

Musical genius Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wished to live as a free artist without employment at the royal court or the church. He wanted to compose music in his own way but met great resistance. If he wanted to be paid, he had to compose what the king or church demanded.

Life as a composer and musician was completely different for Ludwig van Beethoven. Despite suffering from hearing loss and going deaf in 1818, he composed fantastic music. He was able to support himself as a composer without a permanent employer. His life as a free artist was an inspiration to many others and even after his death in 1827, Beethoven remained a role model for many composers.  

📷  Statue of Ludwig van Beethoven in Bonn, Germany.
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From spirituals to rock ’n’ roll

In the 1600s there was an enormous demand for cheap labor in America. Slaves were shipped to the United States from African countries and were subjected to inhumane conditions. They worked on large plantations, on railways or in mines. Song and music not only helped the slaves organize the work but also provided them with some comfort. Slave songs, or spirituals, later inspired rock ‘n’ roll, blues, gospel and other forms of music.

Music for work motivation

In this video you can see African-American prisoners working on the railroads in the 1960s. They use their tools to make music like the slaves also did.

Inspired by the music of the slaves

White artists were inspired by the music of the slaves. Where racism separated black and white people, music brought them together. Black artists gained more respect. The technological development of instruments, microphones, TV and radio made music more and more popular, especially among young people who needed different idols than their parents. Teen idols such as Elvis, Jerry Lee Lewis, Little Richard and The Beatles changed music history. In the 1950s and 1960s rock ‘n’ roll had a powerful impact on culture and society.

Political involvement through music

Further into the 1900s, the volume of the music increased substantially. With electric guitars and microphones, rock music became even louder, and the lyrics became more and more political. Black artists started to write songs about racism and equal rights for everyone. In a way these were the origins of the slogan “Black Lives Matter”.

In the 1960s, rock music was used to criticize politicians, leaders, warfare and the discrimination of different people. The Vietnam War was often criticized in rock music. Bob Dylan emerged as one of the foremost protest singers with his song “Blowin’ in the Wind” in 1964.

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Punk

The 1970s was the rise of punk music. With their eccentric fashion and hairstyles, punk rockers shouted out their political, anti-establishment message.

Rock legend Bruce Springsteen became the voice of the American working class and lack of social integration. In the 1980s, artists took advantage of their fame to help raise money for famine relief in Africa. Live Aid, a benefit concert in 1985, had a record audience of 1.5 million viewers around the world. Messages of solidarity reached people in an unprecedented way, helping raise billions for different purposes.

“We Are the World” engaged 45 US artists in 1985, raising money for child victims of starvation in Africa.

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Rap music

Rappers performing songs about the environment, climate change, racism and social anxiety attracted a substantial young audience in the 1990s and the 2000s. Rap music became a strong driving force in social engagement.

Political songs

Singer Bono of the band U2 once said that music can change the world because it can change people. Here are some more examples of political songs that have made a change.

In Norway, the song “Mitt lille land” by Ole Paus became a song to show solidarity after the terror attacks on the government quarter in Oslo and Utøya on July 22nd, 2011.

Lady Gaga had a monster hit with “Born This Way” in 2010. The song encourages us to respect people as they are.

In May 2020, George Floyd was killed by the police in Minneapolis, Minnesota. His death became a symbol for the Black Lives Matter movement, with rapper Dax penning a song about the killing of Floyd.

Two passenger planes crashed into the World Trade Center in New York on September 11th, 2001. In the aftermath of the attacks, the United States began its war on Islamist terrorism. The actions of the US were criticized by the American rock band Green Day in their song “American Idiot”.

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Music as a life changer

Sometimes music feels like the most important thing in life. Some people almost sacrifice their lives for music. Music can inspire people to engage in politics or solidarity, or provide hope for the future.

“Alright”, a song by Kendrick Lamar from 2015, deals with racism in the US, and can often be heard at demonstrations against police brutality on African Americans.  

Playing the piano saved Polish Jew Wladyslaw Szpilman’s life in 1944. A German officer promised to help him as long as Szpilman kept playing the music of Frederic Chopin.

One of the worst maritime disasters in world history was the sinking of the Titanic in 1912. While the ship was sinking and people were fighting for their lives, the ship’s orchestra played a hymn to calm the passengers.

 

In 1992 R.E.M. released their song “Everybody Hurts”. This song was aimed at their young audience, and was designed to prevent suicide. The song encourages people to remember that even when things feel bad, everything will get better.

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Sources:

  • Ruud, Even: musikk i Store norske leksikon på snl.no.
    Hentet 11. februar 2021 fra https://snl.no/musikk
  • Ruud, Even: rock i Store norske leksikon på snl.no.
    Hentet 11. februar 2021 fra https://snl.no/rock

Media Rights:

    1. Getty Images
    2. Unknown
    3. BeanymanSports – YouTube
    4. Getty Images
    5. Getty Images
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    7. David Hoffman – YouTube
    8. Unknown
    9. Unknown (CC BY 2.0) / Tristan Rovan – YouTube
    10. Getty Images / Oxygene 80 – YouTube
    11. EJ Hersom / DOD News Features (CC BY 2.0)
    12. Peter Neill (CC BY 2.0) / Nichlas Andre – YouTube / LadyGagaVEVO – YouTube / Rap City – YouTube / Green Day – YouTube
    13. Unknown / KendrickLamarVEVO – YouTube / Bechir Houman – YouTube / Janie94 – YouTube / remhq – YouTube