Læreplantilkobling

Fag

Engelsk

Musikk

Samfunnsfag

Core Kjerneelementer

  • Språklæring
  • Møte med engelskspråklige tekster
  • Kommunikasjon
  • Oppleve musikk
  • Kulturforståelse
  • Undring og utforsking
  • Samfunnskritisk tenking og samanhengar
  • Identitetsutvikling og fellesskap
  • Utøve musikk
  • Lage musikk
  • Demokratiforståing og deltaking

Læreplan Kompetansemål

4. trinn
Musikk
  • samtale om og reflektere over hvordan musikk skaper mening når den brukes i ulike sosiale sammenhenger
7. trinn
Musikk
  • reflektere over hvordan musikk kan spille ulike roller for utvikling av individer og gruppers identitet
7. trinn
Musikk
  • utforske og drøfte hvordan musikk fra fortiden påvirker dagens musikk
7. trinn
Samfunnsfag
  • samanlikne korleis ulike kjelder kan gi ulik informasjon om same tema, og reflektere over korleis kjelder kan brukast til å påverke og fremje bestemte syn
7. trinn
Samfunnsfag
  • drøfte kva likeverd og likestilling har å seie for eit demokrati, og utvikle forslag til korleis ein kan motarbeide fordommar, rasisme og diskriminering
10. trinn
Musikk
  • utforske og reflektere over hvordan musikk, sang og dans som estetiske uttrykk er påvirket av og uttrykk for historiske og samfunnsmessige forhold, og skape musikalske uttrykk som tar opp utfordringer i samtiden
10. trinn
Musikk
  • utforske og drøfte musikkens og dansens betydning i samfunnet og etiske problemstillinger knyttet til musikalske ytringer og musikkulturer
10. trinn
Samfunnsfag
  • reflektere over korleis identitet, sjølvbilete og eigne grenser blir utvikla og utfordra i ulike fellesskap, og presentere forslag til korleis ein kan handtere påverknad og uønskte hendingar
VG1 SF
Engelsk
  • beskrive sentrale trekk ved framveksten av engelsk som verdensspråk
VG1 SF
Engelsk
  • lese, diskutere og reflektere over innhold og virkemidler i ulike typer tekster, inkludert selvvalgte tekster
VG1 SF
Engelsk
  • utforske og reflektere over mangfold og samfunnsforhold i den engelskspråklige verden ut fra historiske sammenhenger
VG1 SF
Engelsk
  • diskutere og reflektere over form, innhold og virkemidler i engelskspråklige kulturelle uttrykksformer fra ulike medier, inkludert musikk, film og spill
VG1 YF
Engelsk
  • beskrive sentrale trekk ved framveksten av engelsk som arbeidsspråk
VG1 YF
Engelsk
  • lese, diskutere og reflektere over innhold og virkemidler i ulike typer tekster, inkludert selvvalgte tekster
VG1 YF
Engelsk
  • utforske og reflektere over mangfold og samfunnsforhold i den engelskspråklige verden ut fra historiske sammenhenger
VG1 YF
Engelsk
  • diskutere og reflektere over form, innhold og virkemidler i engelskspråklige kulturelle uttrykksformer fra ulike medier, inkludert musikk, film og spill

Kompetansemål

English

VG1 SF

  • diskutere og reflektere over form, innhold og virkemidler i engelskspråklige kulturelle uttrykksformer fra ulike medier, inkludert musikk, film og spill
  • utforske og reflektere over mangfold og samfunnsforhold i den engelskspråklige verden ut fra historiske sammenhenger
  • beskrive sentrale trekk ved framveksten av engelsk som verdensspråk
  • lese, diskutere og reflektere over innhold og virkemidler i ulike typer tekster, inkludert selvvalgte tekster

VG1 YF

  • diskutere og reflektere over form, innhold og virkemidler i engelskspråklige kulturelle uttrykksformer fra ulike medier, inkludert musikk, film og spill
  • utforske og reflektere over mangfold og samfunnsforhold i den engelskspråklige verden ut fra historiske sammenhenger
  • beskrive sentrale trekk ved framveksten av engelsk som arbeidsspråk
  • lese, diskutere og reflektere over innhold og virkemidler i ulike typer tekster, inkludert selvvalgte tekster

Music

4. grade

  • samtale om og reflektere over hvordan musikk skaper mening når den brukes i ulike sosiale sammenhenger

7. grade

  • utforske og drøfte hvordan musikk fra fortiden påvirker dagens musikk
  • reflektere over hvordan musikk kan spille ulike roller for utvikling av individer og gruppers identitet

10. grade

  • utforske og reflektere over hvordan musikk, sang og dans som estetiske uttrykk er påvirket av og uttrykk for historiske og samfunnsmessige forhold, og skape musikalske uttrykk som tar opp utfordringer i samtiden
  • utforske og drøfte musikkens og dansens betydning i samfunnet og etiske problemstillinger knyttet til musikalske ytringer og musikkulturer

Samfunnsfag

7. grade

  • samanlikne korleis ulike kjelder kan gi ulik informasjon om same tema, og reflektere over korleis kjelder kan brukast til å påverke og fremje bestemte syn
  • drøfte kva likeverd og likestilling har å seie for eit demokrati, og utvikle forslag til korleis ein kan motarbeide fordommar, rasisme og diskriminering

10. grade

  • reflektere over korleis identitet, sjølvbilete og eigne grenser blir utvikla og utfordra i ulike fellesskap, og presentere forslag til korleis ein kan handtere påverknad og uønskte hendingar

Music can change the world

The role of music in society goes back a long way. Music reaches people of all ages throughout the world, and is today an important way to react to both political and social life.

Accessibility icon Music can change the world

Music as a mirror of society

Music has always meant a lot to us. Artists have been inspired to write music that makes people feel different emotions. Music is used for both happiness and sorrow, or as a reaction to different problems.

The music of the Viking Age

Song and music played an important role in the Viking Age. There was music for celebration, when children were put to bed, or when heavy work was done. The Vikings used musical instruments in war. Many of their instruments have been discovered. The Vikings played music on bronze lur horns, bone flutes and goat horns.

📷  Bronze lur horns discovered in Brudevælte, Denmark in 1797.

The Icelandic football chant

The Icelandic national football team was celebrated in 2016 for their fantastic success in the European championship. Their Viking-inspired chant is epic and became famous.

Music in honor of God and royalty

In the Middle Ages, song and music became the language of the church. The church used Latin as their language, which meant that most people did not understand what they were listening to or singing, so people started making their own music. The church thought that this was a protest.

During the Reformation in the 16th century, psalms were written in people’s own language, often to a melody people knew. The psalms were supposed to show people the way to God.

Royalty was also celebrated and amused with music. The royals could hire their own full-time musicians. This was thought of as a status symbol.

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More freedom for composers

Many 17th-century musicians were hired by the church or royalty. They had to compose and play the music that the bishop or the king wanted to hear, and were not able to play what they wanted. The music had to follow traditions and strict rules.

In the 18th century, many musicians started to make their own music. Music was viewed as educational, and rich people could now enjoy the music. Musicians could make money by selling their music to concert organizers and did not need payment from the king any longer. But this was not true for everyone.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wished to live as a free artist without a steady job at court or with the church. He wanted to make music in his own way, but this was not easy. If he wanted to be paid, he had to compose what the king or church wanted.

Life as a musician was different for Ludwig van Beethoven. He went deaf in 1818, but still he made fantastic music. He was able to make enough money to support himself as a musician. His life as a free artist still inspires other composers.  

📷  Statue of Ludwig van Beethoven in Bonn, Germany.
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From spirituals to rock ’n’ roll

In the 1600s there was a need for cheap workers in America. Slaves came to the United States from African countries and were not treated well at work or where they lived. They worked on large farms, on railways or in mines. Songs and music helped the slaves in their work, and gave them comfort. Slave songs are also called spirituals. Rock ‘n’ roll, blues, gospel, and other forms of music were inspired by spirituals.

Music for work motivation

This video shows African-American prisoners working on the railroads in the 1960s. They use their tools to make music like the slaves did.

Inspired by the music of the slaves

The music of the slaves also inspired white people. Racism divided black and white people, but music brought them closer. Black artists got more respect. The development of instruments, microphones, TV and radio made music more popular. Teen idols such as Elvis, Jerry Lee Lewis, Little Richard and The Beatles changed music history, and in the 1950s and 1960s rock ‘n’ roll led to change in culture and society.

Political involvement through music

Later in the 1900s, music became louder. Electric guitars and microphones turned up the volume of rock music, and the lyrics became more political. Black artists started to write songs about racism and equal rights for everyone. This was the beginning of “Black Lives Matter”.

In the 1960s, rock music was used to criticize politicians, leaders, discrimination and wars, especially the Vietnam War. Bob Dylan became a leading protest singer with his song “Blowin’ in the Wind” in 1964.

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Punk

Punk music came in the 1970s. With their strange fashion and hairstyles, punk rockers sang their political message.

Rock legend Bruce Springsteen became the voice of the American working class. In the 1980s, artists helped raise money for emergency help in Africa. Live Aid, a concert in 1985, had a record audience of 1.5 million viewers around the world. They raised billions.

“We Are the World” involved 45 US artists in 1985, raising money for child victims of hunger in Africa.

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Rap music

Rappers performing songs about the environment, climate change, racism and social anxiety attracted a large young audience in the 1990s and the 2000s. Rap music created a lot of social engagement.

Political songs

Singer Bono of the band U2 said that music can change the world because it can change people. Here are some more examples of political songs that have made a change.

In Norway, the song “Mitt lille land” by Ole Paus became a song to show support after the terror attacks on the government quarter in Oslo and Utøya on July 22nd, 2011.

Lady Gaga had a monster hit with “Born This Way” in 2010. The song tells us to respect people as they are.

In May 2020, George Floyd was killed by the police in Minneapolis, Minnesota. His death became a symbol of the Black Lives Matter movement, with rapper Dax writing a song about the killing of Floyd.

Two planes crashed into the World Trade Center in New York on September 11th, 2001. After the attacks, the United States began its war against terrorism. The American rock band Green Day criticized what the US did in their song “American Idiot”.

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Music as a life changer

Music can feel like the most important thing in life. Music can motivate people to become a part of politics or solidarity, or give hope for the future.

“Alright”, a song by Kendrick Lamar from 2015, deals with racism in the US, and can often be heard at demonstrations against police brutality on African Americans.  

Playing the piano saved Polish Jew Wladyslaw Szpilman’s life in 1944. A German officer promised to help him as long as Szpilman kept playing the music of Frederic Chopin.

One of the worst sea catastrophes in world history was the sinking of the Titanic in 1912. When the ship was sinking and people were fighting for their lives, the ship’s orchestra played a song to calm the passengers.

In 1992 R.E.M. released their song “Everybody Hurts”. This song was aimed at their young audience, and was designed to prevent suicide. The song encourages people to remember that even when things feel bad, everything will get better.

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Sources:

  • Ruud, Even: musikk i Store norske leksikon på snl.no.
    Hentet 11. februar 2021 fra https://snl.no/musikk
  • Ruud, Even: rock i Store norske leksikon på snl.no.
    Hentet 11. februar 2021 fra https://snl.no/rock

Media Rights:

    1. Getty Images
    2. Unknown
    3. BeanymanSports – YouTube
    4. Getty Images
    5. Getty Images
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    7. David Hoffman – YouTube
    8. Unknown
    9. Unknown (CC BY 2.0) / Tristan Rovan – YouTube
    10. Getty Images / Oxygene 80 – YouTube
    11. EJ Hersom / DOD News Features (CC BY 2.0)
    12. Peter Neill (CC BY 2.0) / Nichlas Andre – YouTube / LadyGagaVEVO – YouTube / Rap City – YouTube / Green Day – YouTube
    13. Unknown / KendrickLamarVEVO – YouTube / Bechir Houman – YouTube / Janie94 – YouTube / remhq – YouTube