The French Revolution

To understand the French Revolution at the end of the 18th century, we must know the reasons why there was a revolution. We should also know something about the most important events, the names of some people and dates that were important. But also what changes the revolution brought with it in France.

We study history to understand why societies change and to see what we can learn from it. The thoughts and ideas behind the French Revolution led to major changes far beyond France’s borders. Even if a dramatic event takes place in one country, it can have major consequences for other countries.

Det franske flagget som ser gammelt og slitt ut.
Det franske flagget som ser gammelt og slitt ut.

The king made all the decisions

France in the 18th century, was a dictatorial monarchy. This means that the king decided everything and had absolute power. The people and the king himself believed that he had got this power from God, and thus no one could blame the king for anything. He was apparently as perfect as God himself.

The king decided on the laws of the land, on who should pay taxes, and how much tax they should pay.

📷  Replica of one the masks belonging to Louis XIV. He was the king of France from 1643 to 1715.

The tax money was often used for war, because the French kings had ambitions to make France a great power. They challenged many other countries in Europe and participated in the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). They supported the colonists who wanted to liberate themselves from Great Britain during this war. Although France won several battles, they experienced that the war broke the country’s economy completely.

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Kong Ludvig 14. med gullmaske pyntet med papegøyefjær.
Kong Ludvig 14. med gullmaske pyntet med papegøyefjær.

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