Læreplantilkobling

Fag

Engelsk

Historie

Samfunnsfag

Core Kjerneelementer

  • Mennesker og samfunn i fortid, nåtid og framtid
  • Undring og utforsking
  • Samfunnskritisk tenking og samanhengar
  • Demokratiforståing og deltaking
  • Identitetsutvikling og fellesskap
  • Berekraftige samfunn
  • Kommunikasjon
  • Møte med engelskspråklige tekster

Cogs Tverrfaglig tema

Bærekraftig utvikling

Demokrati og medborgerskap

Folkehelse og livsmestring

Læreplan Kompetansemål

10. trinn
Samfunnsfag
  • drøfte korleis framstillingar av fortida, hendingar og grupper har påverka og påverkar haldningane og handlingane til folk
10. trinn
Samfunnsfag
  • utforske og beskrive korleis menneske- og urfolksrettar og andre internasjonale avtalar og samarbeid har betydning for nasjonal politikk, livet til menneske, likestilling og likeverd
VG3
Historie
  • gjøre rede for årsaker til at kolonimakter underla seg landområder, og drøfte konsekvenser for mennesker og samfunn i land og områder som ble kolonisert
VG1 SF
Engelsk
  • beskrive sentrale trekk ved framveksten av engelsk som verdensspråk
VG1 SF
Engelsk
  • utforske og reflektere over mangfold og samfunnsforhold i den engelskspråklige verden ut fra historiske sammenhenger
VG1 YF
Engelsk
  • beskrive sentrale trekk ved framveksten av engelsk som arbeidsspråk
VG1 YF
Engelsk
  • utforske og reflektere over mangfold og samfunnsforhold i den engelskspråklige verden ut fra historiske sammenhenger
VG3 påbygging
Historie
  • gjøre rede for årsaker til at kolonimakter underla seg landområder, og vurdere hvilke konsekvenser dette fikk

The Father of the Nation

George Washington led the American army to victory during the American Revolution. This resulted in America’s independence from Great Britain. Washington became the country’s first president. For this reason, George Washington has become known as the “Father of the Nation”,

As one of the founders of the United States of America, Washington has been immortalised in a rock carving on Mount Rushmore – the others are Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln.

Mount Rushmore National Memorial, i dagligtale Mount Rushmore, er et nasjonalt minnesmerke som ligger i Keystone, Sør-Dakota, USA.

Childhood

George Washington was born in what later was to become the state of Virginia in 1732. His family was of English descent and wealthy. They owned a modest tobacco plantation.

During the harvest, the Washington family used slaves from Africa. George Washington’s carefree childhood in the tranquil English colony came to an abrupt end when he lost his father at the age of 11.

His mother was concerned that George didn’t take much interest in school or academia. He was much more focused on the practical side of life and on the plantation. He’d much rather spend his time on things that revolved around the plantation, such as surveying the land and soil quality.

These practical skills and this knowledge was something that Washington was able to put to good use when his brother Lawrence died and George inherited vast tracts of land. His brother had married into a wealthy family with a lot of land.

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Tobakkplantasje

War between France and Great Britain

The Europeans that migrated to America in the 17th Century took land from the native population. This land became subject to colonial law.

📷 Statue of George Washington in Boston, Massachusetts.

In the 1750s George Washington enlisted in the Virginia Military and fought in the French and Indian War which broke out in 1756 between France and Great Britain. They fought over control of the North American Colonies. The colonial war against France ended in victory for the British in 1763, who at this point took control of the whole of North America.

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The fatherland, Great Britain

The North American colonies were regarded as subjects of the British Crown. They paid taxes to their fatherland, Great Britain. Despite this, they did not have any representatives in Parliament in London.

From protest to revolution

Discontent began to spread amongst the settlers. Lawyers argued that the colonies were not to be bound by the laws imposed by a parliament where they were not represented. Among the hard-core protesters, there was a group who called themselves “The Sons of Liberty”.

In 1775 Congress organised a military resistance, which degenerated and led into a revolution. George Washington had already at this point been elected a congressman for Virginia and he took command of the colonial army.

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The Declaration of Independence

On the 4th of July 1776 the Congress signed a declaration of independence. At this point, the colonies broke their ties with Great Britain. With the help of the French and strong cooperation between the colonies themselves, in October 1781, Washington finally managed to defeat the British in Yorktown.

A new nation is born

A new nation was born, the United States of America. Congress approved the final constitution in 1789 and unanimously elected George Washington the first president of the United States. He turned out to be the right man in the right place and conducted his job with a great sense of commitment and responsibility. He managed to calm internal tensions within the country.

Uavhengighetserklæringen fra 1776
Papirbakgrunn 8

Final years

Washington was highly regarded and well liked, and was elected for not just a second term, but also a third term. However, he declined the third term as he believed that it was too dangerous for the same individual to hold the power for this amount of time. He retired into a private life where he spent his final years running a whisky distillery. He died in Mount Vernon on 14 December 1799.

Following his death, he was hailed as a great leader and the father of the American nation by everyone, including Europeans. George Washington entered history with a legendary epithet: “a leader in war, a leader in peace and a leader in the hearts of patriots.”

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A simple landowner or also the owner of slaves?

During his lifetime, Washington owned and operated several estates, which like others in the same period in time used a large number of slaves of African descent. Although Washington didn’t agree with slavery in principle and called it morally unacceptable on several occasions, he did nothing to abolish it when he became president.

Historians believe that Washington didn’t formally oppose slavery so that he would continue to hold the support of the rich landowners. They were an important part of the country’s economy, and Washington couldn’t risk creating any conflict and imbalance in such a young nation. His involvement was limited to signing the Slave Trade Act in 1794, which reduced the country’s participation in slave trade.

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Washington D.C.

The capital city of the United States of America was named after George Washington, who in 1970 designated this area as the site for the new capital. D.C. is an abbreviation for District of Columbia. Columbia is a historical name for the United States and has been depicted as a female figure. The word Columbia stems from the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus.

📷  «Be Patriotic»-poster from around 1917-18.
District of Columbia

Sources:

  • Historiens største ikoner (2020)
    Orage Forlag AS
  • Thuesen, Nils Petter; Nordlie, Haavard; Skatvik, Frida; Hoprekstad, Odd Egil: Washington D.C. i Store norske leksikon på snl.no.
    Hentet 15. mars 2021 fra https://snl.no/Washington_D.C.

Media Rights:

    1. Getty Images
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    10. Paul Stahr / Herbert Hoover Library / National Archives and Records Administration