Læreplantilkobling

Fag

Engelsk

Norsk

Samfunnsfag

Core Kjerneelementer

  • Kommunikasjon
  • Møte med engelskspråklige tekster
  • Språklæring
  • Undring og utforsking
  • Samfunnskritisk tenking og samanhengar
  • Demokratiforståing og deltaking
  • Kritisk tilnærming til tekst
  • Muntlig kommunikasjon
  • Skriftlig tekstskaping

Cogs Tverrfaglig tema

Demokrati og medborgerskap

Folkehelse og livsmestring

Læreplan Kompetansemål

VG1 SF
Norsk
  • bruke ulike kilder på en kritisk, hensiktsmessig og etterrettelig måte
VG1 SF
Norsk
  • utforske og reflektere over mangfold og samfunnsforhold i den engelskspråklige verden ut fra historiske sammenhenger
VG1 SF
Norsk
  • diskutere og reflektere over form, innhold og virkemidler i engelskspråklige kulturelle uttrykksformer fra ulike medier, inkludert musikk, film og spill
VG1 SF
Norsk
  • lese og sammenligne ulike sakprosatekster om samme emne fra forskjellige kilder og kritisk vurdere hvor pålitelige kildene er
VG1 YF
Norsk
  • bruke ulike kilder på en kritisk, hensiktsmessig og etterrettelig måte
VG1 YF
Norsk
  • utforske og reflektere over mangfold og samfunnsforhold i den engelskspråklige verden ut fra historiske sammenhenger
VG1 YF
Norsk
  • diskutere og reflektere over form, innhold og virkemidler i engelskspråklige kulturelle uttrykksformer fra ulike medier, inkludert musikk, film og spill
VG1 YF
Norsk
  • lese og sammenligne ulike sakprosatekster om samme emne fra forskjellige kilder og kritisk vurdere hvor pålitelige kildene er
VG1 YF
Samfunnsfag
  • vurdere på kva måtar ulike kjelder gir informasjon om eit samfunnsfagleg tema, og reflektere over korleis algoritmar, einsretta kjelder eller mangel på kjelder kan prege forståinga vår
VG1 YF
Samfunnsfag
  • gjennomføre ei samfunnsfagleg undersøking og presentere resultata ved hjelp av eigna digitale verktøy
VG1 YF
Samfunnsfag
  • presentere ei aktuell nyheitssak og reflektere over forskjellar mellom fakta, meiningar og kommersiell bodskap i mediebiletet

What is source evaluation?

When you’re scrolling through social media, and news articles and reports pop up on your screen, you might assume that all of these pieces are true and credible. The same can be said about reading the news online.

A lot of news articles and research reports are trustworthy. However, there are also quite a few that can be made up or fake, otherwise known as ‘fake news’. The sources used to create these news articles are incorrect or lacking information.

En person som sjekker nyhetssider på mobil og PC

Access to vast amounts of information comes with significant challenges

The internet and social media have provided access to vast amounts of information to the public at large. It is possible to research and gather large quantities of information in a short period of time and share it with others.

This access has also created significant challenges. With Google being used as our primary research platform, and social media for sharing information, it can become difficult to sift the real news from the fake news.

Skjermpdump av Google

How to evaluate sources critically

In this day and age, it is more important than ever before to critically analyze all sources you use. Source evaluation involves critically assessing the information presented to you. This includes looking at the following:

    • Who is the source?
    • How credible is what is being said?
    • What is the purpose of the text?
    • What do the language, images and graphs tell you?
    • Is the source up to date?

Who is the author?

What do we know about the background of the author and what does it say about the content presented? Does it make a difference if it is a person, an organization, or a government presenting the information?

It is important to consider the reasons why a source wants to present certain information. Could it potentially be information that someone has paid to make public? 

Sponsored content is content that someone pays to get into a publication.

Nærbilde av en mann som holder en iPad

How credible is it?

It is important to differentiate between news and research results.

Research

Academic research has standards on ethical guidelines. Researchers are expected to meet the standards in the course of conducting and reporting research:

    • The result of the research must be testable.
    • The research must be peer-reviewed
    • The research must show what sources it is based on

News

Most newspapers and journalists follow a code of ethics. Editors and co-workers have the responsibility to know these ethical norms, and are obligated to follow them. The code of ethics covers all parts of the journalistic process, from the part where information is gathered to the final presentation of it.

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En dame i et laboratorium

What purpose does the post serve?

Most articles or ads have a specific purpose. If a political party wants to gain more votes, they will most likely run advertisements on their political views, often criticizing the opposition at the same time. A business looking for more customers will instead use rhetorical devices (language techniques) to persuade more people to shop with them.

Take the time to find out the purpose of the news or ad in front of you.

Analyze the language, images, and graphs

Another important point when assessing the credibility of a source is to look at the language used. Does the text contain a lot of spelling mistakes, or has it been written in a colloquial way? This can be a sign that the text has been translated from another language or that it has not been written by a professional.

Does the photo look real? Images can also be fake. Do a photo search on Google. In this day and age photos can easily be manipulated and edited to better suit the information being presented.

Equally, it is not just the language and photos that need to be verified. Make sure you critically assess how numbers and graphs are presented. What is the source of the graph? Does it talk about percentages or percentage points?

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Is the source relevant? Is the story up to date?

It is vital to look at when a story was published. Always check the original date of publication for the story or when it was updated. Approved encyclopedias are good sources.

    • Have any new developments occurred or has new research been presented since the article was first published?
    • Have any changes taken place in laws, technology, or community situations since the article was published, possibly making it outdated?
    • Are the numbers presented in the article based on old research?
    • Do you have any more recent or relevant information on the story or theme?
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A world with and without source criticism

Watch this film from Full Fact, the UK’s independent fact checking organization.

Sources:

Media Rights:

    1. Getty Images
    2. Skjermdump av Google.com
    3. Getty Images
    4. Getty Images
    5. Getty Images
    6. Getty Images
    7. Getty Images
    8. Getty Images
    9. Google News Initiative – YouTube