Core Kjerneelementer

  • Kommunikasjon
  • Språklæring
  • Møte med engelskspråklige tekster
  • Kritisk tilnærming til tekst
  • Skriftlig tekstskaping
  • Muntlig kommunikasjon
  • Undring og utforsking
  • Samfunnskritisk tenking og samanhengar
  • Demokratiforståing og deltaking
  • Berekraftige samfunn
  • Identitetsutvikling og fellesskap
  • Språket som system og mulighet
  • Tekst i kontekst

Cogs Tverrfaglig tema

Bærekraftig utvikling

Demokrati og medborgerskap

Folkehelse og livsmestring

Læreplan Kompetansemål

  • bruke ulike kilder på en kritisk, selvstendig og etterrettelig måte
  • bruke kilder på en kritisk måte, markere sitater og vise til kilder på en etterrettelig måte i egne tekster
  • utforske og vurdere hvordan digitale medier påvirker og endrer språk og kommunikasjon
  • orientere seg i faglige kilder på bibliotek og digitalt, vurdere hvor pålitelige kildene er, og vise til kilder i egne tekster
  • reflektere over sakprosatekster og gjøre rede for den retoriske situasjonen de er blitt til i
  • bruke ulike kilder på en kritisk, selvstendig og etterrettelig måte
VG3 påbygging
  • orientere seg i faglitteratur, vurdere kilder kritisk og skrive fagartikler som greier ut om og drøfter norskfaglige emner
  • orientere seg i faglitteratur, vurdere kilder kritisk og skrive fagartikler som greier ut om og drøfter norskfaglige emner
  • samanlikne korleis ulike kjelder kan gi ulik informasjon om same tema, og reflektere over korleis kjelder kan brukast til å påverke og fremje bestemte syn
  • utforske korleis teknologi har vore og framleis er ein endringsfaktor, og drøfte innverknaden teknologien har hatt og har på enkeltmenneske, samfunn og natur
  • vurdere på kva måtar ulike kjelder gir informasjon om eit samfunnsfagleg tema, og reflektere over korleis algoritmar, einsretta kjelder eller mangel på kjelder kan prege forståinga vår
  • gjennomføre ei samfunnsfagleg undersøking og presentere resultata ved hjelp av eigna digitale verktøy
  • presentere ei aktuell nyheitssak og reflektere over forskjellar mellom fakta, meiningar og kommersiell bodskap i mediebiletet

Fake news

“Fake news” can seem like harmless lies. However, the worst case scenario is that fake news can be a threat to democracy and contribute to the formation of violent movements.

Accessibility icon Fake news

What is fake news?

Briefly put, fake news is false or misleading information. It can be lies, untruths or propaganda, often created by unreliable websites and distributed through online posts, comments and images in news and social media.

Fake News-logo

Why do people create fake news?

There are two main reasons for people to spread fake news or misinformation. Some do it out of political interest, hoping to influence opinions and attitudes in society, while others are looking for financial gain.

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Example 1:


Some anti-vaccinationists, or anti-vaxxers, as they are also called, believe vaccinating children can cause autism. There is no scientific evidence to support this claim, but this misinformation is widely spread in social media and has convinced many people. According to The World Health Organization the anti-vaccine sentiment is one the world’s biggest health threats.

Example 2:

“The China Virus”

In 2020, many US politicians, including former president Donald Trump, claimed that COVID-19 had been created by the Chinese in a laboratory in order to crush the American economy. This unconfirmed news spread rapidly among Trump supporters in social media. The opposite happened in China, where it was alleged that the virus had been planted in Wuhan by American soldiers.

Donald Trump på talerstolen

Political movements

Fake news often originates from undocumented claims and conspiracy theories. The objective is to gain more power or to change policies. Such conspiracies can end up challenging democracy and add to increased violence.

Knyttede never
Example 3:

The Holocaust

During World War II, the German Nazis used their propaganda to blame the Jews for Germany’s economic hardship in the 1930s. This propaganda and misinformation was used so effectively that it played an integral role in the persecution of Jews, leading up to what is today called the Holocaust; the genocide of more than 6 million Jews.

Tysk propaganda spres i gatene
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Example 4:


QAnon is an American conspiracy theory movement created to increase support for Donald Trump. The QAnon theory is that the world is ruled by a powerful and Satan-worshiping elite, said to be including Democratic politicians, opponents of Trump. QAnon supporters have been known to become violent, and were involved in the attack on the US Capitol in Washington, D.C. on January 6, 2021.

Stormingen av kongressen i USA

Fake news spreads fast

The biggest challenge in combating fake news is that it spreads so fast. Misinformation can be shared on the internet and in social media instantly by anyone who wishes to do so. Thus a great number of people can be exposed to the news in a short span of time. The recipients need to be able to filter out false information, which not everyone is capable of. The worst-case scenario is that the readers believe in the misinformation and go on to distribute it through their own channels.

Why is distinguishing between fake and real news difficult?

At first glance, fake news can look like real news, which is why it is easy to be misled. But fake news does not follow the same rules of journalistic ethics that serious sources do.

The algorithms of social media have made it more difficult to distinguish between real and fake news, since misinformation is much faster and attracts more attention. Fake news sites make money for each click, and this income can help them further professionalize their sites and make it even more demanding to recognize fake news as such.

A large part of the world’s population has never heard nor learned about source criticism, information evaluation, or how internet algorithms function. In other words, there are many people who are inclined to be deceived by fake news.

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How can we identify fake news?

The Norwegian Media Authority (Medietilsynet) gives some tips on how to identify fake news:

STOP – ThinK – check
  • Does it seem unbelievable? Fake news uses headlines that catch your eye.
  • Who is behind this information? Check the address of the page. Fake news is often published on websites with URL addresses that resemble reliable news sources.
  • Who wrote the news?Can you find something about the matter elsewhere? A real news story is often mentioned in several news sources.
  • Does the news upset you? Disinformation often appeals to our emotions.
  • Do you find the picture credible? A picture can also be fake.
  • Examine the language. Are there many errors?
  • Look closely at graphs and numbers. Check the source of the graphs and if percentage points or percentages are used.
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Forstørrelsesglass på gul bakgrunn


  • Banik, Vibeke Kieding: Holocaust i Store norske leksikon på snl.no.
    Hentet 5. mars 2021 fra https://snl.no/Holocaust
  • Cambridge Dictionary (hentedato: 20.06.2022)

Media Rights:

    1. Getty Images
    2. Faktisk – YouTube
    3. Getty Images
    4. Getty Images
    5. Gage Skidmore (CC BY-SA 2.0)
    6. Getty Images
    7. Bundesarchiv (CC BY-SA 3.0)
    8. Tyler Merbler (CC BY 2.0)
    9. Getty Images
    10. Getty Images
    11. Getty Images