What does it mean to argue something?
Throughout your life, you will often be asked to take a stand on a given topic and argue your position, but what exactly does that mean?
In argumentative or persuasive texts you use arguments to give reason for your position or point of view. If you take a stand but are unable to support your position, you have not succesfully argued the issue. You have simply made a claim.
Open or closed argumentation
An argument that is based on facts, data, statistics and other logical demonstrations is called an open or direct argument. We recognize these types of arguments as ‘logos’ in rhetoric.
Argumentation that appeals to the audience’s emotions is sometimes referred to as indirect argumentation. In rhetoric, we recognize this as ‘pathos’.
There is also a third form of argumentation that can be referred to as ‘ethos’. This is a form of argumentation where authority is used to legitimize the points being put across. An authority is an expert within a set theme or topic.
So, arguing something means … ?
Argumentation is part of the reasoning that consists of the following three parts:
- … an opinion, a point of view or a claim that we argue for,
- … an argument, what we use to reason our case, and
- … a statement that unifies the opinion and the argument.
The statement that unifies the opinion and the argument is what makes us understand why the argument works.
- SØK & SKRIV (10.11.21): Toulmins argumentasjonsmodell
- Alnes, Jan Harald: argument i Store norske leksikon på snl.no.
Hentet 10. november 2021 fra https://snl.no/argument
- ndla.no (10.11.21): Åpen eller skjult argumentasjon?
- ndla.no (10.11.21): Hva er et godt argument?
- Wikipedia (10.11.2021): Argumentasjon
- Owl Purdue (03.06.2022): Toulmin argument