Læreplantilkobling

Fag

Engelsk

Samfunnsfag

Samfunnskunnskap

Core Kjerneelementer

  • Undring og utforsking
  • Samfunnskritisk tenking og samanhengar
  • Demokratiforståing og deltaking
  • Identitetsutvikling og fellesskap
  • Perspektivmangfald og samfunnskritisk tenking
  • Medborgarskap og berekraftig utvikling
  • Kommunikasjon
  • Møte med engelskspråklige tekster
  • Berekraftige samfunn

Cogs Tverrfaglig tema

Bærekraftig utvikling

Demokrati og medborgerskap

Folkehelse og livsmestring

Læreplan Kompetansemål

7. trinn
Engelsk
  • utforske levemåter og tradisjoner i ulike samfunn i den engelskspråklige verden og i Norge og reflektere over identitet og kulturell tilhørighet
7. trinn
Samfunnsfag
  • beskrive geografiske hovudtrekk i ulike delar av verda og reflektere over korleis desse hovudtrekka påverkar menneska som bur der
7. trinn
Samfunnsfag
  • reflektere over kvifor konfliktar oppstår, og drøfte korleis den enkelte og samfunn kan handtere konfliktar
10. trinn
Engelsk
  • utforske og beskrive levemåter, tenkesett, kommunikasjonsmønstre og mangfold i den engelskspråklige verden
10. trinn
Engelsk
  • utforske og reflektere over situasjonen til urfolk i den engelskspråklige verden og i Norge
10. trinn
Samfunnsfag
  • drøfte korleis framstillingar av fortida, hendingar og grupper har påverka og påverkar haldningane og handlingane til folk
10. trinn
Samfunnsfag
  • reflektere over korleis menneske har kjempa og kjempar for endringar i samfunnet og samstundes har vore og er påverka av geografiske forhold og historisk kontekst
VG1 SF
Engelsk
  • beskrive sentrale trekk ved framveksten av engelsk som verdensspråk
VG1 SF
Engelsk
  • utforske og reflektere over mangfold og samfunnsforhold i den engelskspråklige verden ut fra historiske sammenhenger
VG1 YF
Engelsk
  • beskrive sentrale trekk ved framveksten av engelsk som arbeidsspråk
VG1 YF
Engelsk
  • utforske og reflektere over mangfold og samfunnsforhold i den engelskspråklige verden ut fra historiske sammenhenger
VG1/VG2
Samfunnskunnskap
  • vurdere korleis utøving av makt påverkar enkeltpersonar og samfunn

The British Empire

From the 16th century to the 20th century

The expansion of the British Empire is often split into two parts: the First Empire and the Second Empire. The First Empire started in the 16th century when Great Britain began to establish territories overseas. In 1783, the Empire consisted of colonies in North America and the West Indies. The first British settlement in Africa was on James Island in the Gambia River in 1661. It is said that the First Empire ended when the British lost control of the American colonies in 1783.

The British Empire expanded significantly in the second part of the 19th century. During this period the British subjugated more land in more corners of the world than ever before. By the end of the century, the British Empire comprised almost a quarter of the Earth’s total land area and over 25 percent of the world’s population. During the last 20 years of the 19th century, the British had claimed over 30 percent of the African population.

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Kart over Det britiske imperiets

The end of the British Empire

From 1945 until today

Following the two World Wars, the British Empire was slowly but surely coming to an end. The wars had taken their toll on Britain’s economy. India set the tone for change when the country declared independence in 1947.

In the 1950s the British government granted independence to Sudan, the Gold Coast and Malaysia. They didn’t want to risk a colonial war like the one that France had ended up in with Algeria. Many British colonies had by this point already become self-governing as a result of decolonisation. 

Canada became Britain’s first self-governing state in 1867, followed by Australia in 1901 and New Zealand in 1907. These former colonies were in principle still attached to the British Crown, but were granted a level of autonomy. Over the next 20 years most of the Caribbean also gained its independence. Barbados became independent in 1966, and the rest of the Eastern Caribbean islands followed in the 1970s and 1980s.

To this day, the Union Jack is still a central part of the Australian flag.

The end of the Empire, many would say, was marked by Hong Kong becoming an administrative region under China in 1997.

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Det australske flaget heist opp i en flaggstang

Canada

When Britain defeated the French in the Seven Years’ War from 1756 to 1763, the Treaty of Paris was signed. France had to cede New France, which Canada was a part of, to the British Empire. Canada is still part of the Commonwealth today.

Mid-Victorian map of Canadian Eastern Provinces

West Indies

When Christopher Columbus discovered the New World, a race between Europe’s great powers to colonise the Caribbean Islands began. In 1912, the British territories were divided into eight colonies: the Bahamas, Barbados, British Guiana, British Honduras, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, the Windward Islands, and the Leeward Islands. Most regained independence between 1960 and 1980.

 ⬅  Photo from a sugar plantation in Jamaica.  

Bilde fra en sukkerplantasje på Jamaica der slaver gjør jobben.

America

Great Britain’s first permanent settlement in America was established in Jamestown in 1607. However, in 1783, Great Britain lost its thirteen colonies after more than eight years of disagreements over taxation and governance.

Jamestown, Saint Helena, British Overseas Territories

South Africa

In 1820 around 5,000 British settlers landed in Cape Town, South Africa – an important port on the trade route to India. Over the next eighty years the British battled the Boers for control of the region. South Africa gained full independence from Great Britain in 1931.

Oversiktsbilde av Cape Town and the 12 Apostels

Australia

Australia was first colonised by the British in 1788. It is estimated that during the first two years of colonisation, as much as 90 percent of the indigenous population was wiped out.

⬅  Caricature of a British settlement in Australia in 1850 drawn by illustrator John Leech⮕ 

Karikatur av britisk bosetting i Australia i 1850 tegnet av illustratøren John Leech

The Commonwealth

In 1949, the Commonwealth of Nations was voluntarily founded. Originally, it was made up of eight independent nations, most of which were former British colonies. Today, 2.4 billion people in 54 countries make up the Commonwealth. Everyone recognises the British Queen as the head of the Commonwealth. Some countries also recognise the British monarch as the head of state.

⬅  The Commonwealth also has its own flag.

A short summary of the British Empire

Sources:

  • Vitenskap & historie (nr. 2/2020)
    Orage Forlag AS
  • Iddeng, Jon Wikene: imperium i Store norske leksikon på snl.no.
    Hentet
    19. juni 2020 fra https://snl.no/imperium

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